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Iran Hostage Crisis

Rescue Attempts By The United States

The Iran Hostage Crisis was a 444 day problem that was caused under the presidential power of Jimmy Carter which student proxies of the new Islamic regime in Iran, took 52 diplomats and citizens of the United States as hostages.


United States

On November 1, 1979, Iran's new leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini urged his people to protest against United States and Israeli interests. Khomeini was of course himself anti-American. After his speech, thousands of people gathered around the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and started to protest. The Iranian police were helpless in the situation and it only got worse.
On November 4, around 500 Iranian students, who called themselves the Muslim Students Following the Line of the Imam, seized the main embassy building. The guard of Marines around the embassy were severally outnumbered and out of the 90 occupants in the embassy, 66 of them were taken captive. 14 women, African Americans, and non-US captives were released leaving 52 hostages. Ayatollah Khomeini stated that he was not aware of the students' plan but applauded the action afterwards. During the time that the hostages in the American Embassy in Tehran were being held, several foreign government diplomats and ambassadors came to visit the American hostages. Ken Taylor of Canada was one of these ambassadors who visited the hostages. The students justified taking the hostages as retaliation for the admission of the Shah into the U.S., and demanded the Shah be returned to Iran for a trial. The new Iranian regime believed the Shah was in the U.S. so that the U.S. could carry out another coup d'etat in Iran; the U.S. claimed he had come there only to seek medical attention (the Shah was suffering from cancer, which led to his death in 1980). Iranian students demanded that the U.S. government apologize for its interference in the internal affairs of Iran and for the overthrow of Prime minister Mohammad Mosaddeq. They also demanded that Iran's assets in the U.S. be released. The money had been frozen by the U.S. government in response to the hostage taking. The U.S. government refused to accept the demands.



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2.jpg 2006. May 23 2006 <